Co Loa Citadel is a citadel built near Phong Khe, about 20 km to the North of today’s Hanoi, during the end of the Hong Bang Dynasty (about 257 BCE). The fortress is a spiral-shaped complex of the then new capital. The site has been the source of various relics of the Dong Son culture of the Bronze Age.
According to folklore, An Duong Vuong defeated the last of the Hung kings in 257 BCE and founded the kingdom of Au Lac, choosing the site of Co Loa as his capital. Co Loa is a very large site and is the dominant presence in the northern floodplain of the Red River Delta, which would have required a large amount of labor and resources to have built in its time.
The archaeologists also exhibited here many precious artifacts of the ancient Vietnamese people that were excavated Co Loa underground: Co Loa bronze drum, bronze coin, bronze axes, thousands of bronze arrows, plows, objects made of ceramic, terracotta, etc.
Every year, Co Loa festival is hold to commemorate King An Duong Vuong on 6th January (lunar calendar). There are 8 villages in Co Loa Commune gathering in the courtyard of Co Loa village house for offertory, expressed sincere heart for the king who had a great merit in building and defending the country, just behind the Hung king.
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