One Pillar Pagoda is only a part of Dien Huu Pagoda architectural complex. The pagoda was located at Thanh Thao village, Quang Duc district, on the West of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long under Ly dynasty, now in One Pillar street, Ba Dinh district, Hanoi on the right of Ho Chi Minh mausoleum.
According to Dai Viet Su Ky Toan Thu, the pagoda was built in 1409 in the time of King Ly Thai Tong. It was recorded as a heritage of history, architecture, and art on April 28, 1962 by Ministry of Culture.
Lotus plate or one known as the One Pillar Pagoda has square shape with 3 meters each side. The curved roof was built over a 4- meter tall cylindrical stone column with diameter of 1.2 meters (not including submerged part). Pillar consists of 2 blocks , mounted very clever , at first glance like a stone in a row. The unique architecture of One- Pillar pagoda is all placed on a stone pillar. here comes the reckless combination of romantic imagination through lotus symbol and the perfect solution for wooden architecture with brace terrace; especially the use of large cross- pillar from the column to the floor ,both creating a solid stance and bringing an effective aesthetic curves of lotus petals, setting the harmony between the roof and the floor by a virtual symmetry. Along with a square pond bottom that may symbolize the earth ( round sun, square land ), the pagoda seems to aim to an lofty idea : the kindness illuminates the world. The wooden building block supported by surrounding landscape, pond, trees creates intimacy but still pure elegance.
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